The Foundation’s "Chairs of Excellence"
The research of Mairbek Chshiev has been focused on the theory of spin-dependent electronic transport phenomena in nanostructures with giant and tunnel magnetoresistance as well as on electronic band structure of materials for spin electronics (spintronics). He received his Ph.D. degree from Moscow State University (Russia) in 1997 and his Habilitation Degree from University Joseph Fourier (France) in 2008. After several postdoctoral stays in France and USA between 1998 and 2004, he joined the Center for Materials for Information Technology at the University of Alabama where he stayed as a Research Scientist until his arrival to Grenoble in 2008. His presence strengthens theoretical research activities among Grenoble Laboratories to help clarify fundamental transport mechanisms necessary for developments of future spintronic devices. [read more]
Donald Martin is one of the leaders of the Nanobiotechnology program at the University of Technology Sydney (UTS). He launched the OzNano2Life program, in partnership with the European project Nano2life. His research focuses on ion channels in cell membranes. His research project in Grenoble is devoted to the design of biomimetic artificial membranes able to build ionic gradients. Such cellular systems will be implemented in devices harvesting electrochemical energy in the same way that living cells gain their own energy. [read more]
Dr. Tetiana Aksenova, is a Senior Research Scientist titled by Ukrainian Academy of science and a leading expert in the field of knowledge mining, machine learning and real time calculation. She invented several innovative approaches for signal processing, classification and modelling that will be used for Brain Computer Interface design.
The topic of her project is the development of online system for brain signal decoding providing self-paced adaptive Movement Related Brain Computer Interface (MR BCI), a non-muscular channel to send the command to the external world using the measures of brain functions.
This project will be overlapped with the project Neurolink and the project Clinatec which aims to develop real life medical applications of the achievements of nanoscience. [read more]
The new expertise in microwave quantum optics and dynamical Coulomb blockade brought by Max HOFHEINZ is at the core of this project that will include the development of various specific devices and circuits - based on his experience with superconducting quantum circuits (phase qubits and microwave resonators). [read more]
Leonid Glazman is a Professor of Physics and Applied Physics at Yale University since 2007, after being Director of the William I. Fine Institute of Theoretical Physics at the University of Minnesota. His field of research is condensed matter theory. He is a recognized expert in the physics of mesoscopic systems with major contributions to the theory of electron transport and correlations in systems of reduced dimensionality, such as quantum dots and quantum wires. Among his accomplishments are the explanation of the conductance quantization in ballistic point contacts, successful prediction of the Kondo effect in conduction of quantum dots, and discovery of a new mechanism of electron energy relaxation mediated by magnetic impurites in metals. L. Glazman is a recepient of the Humboldt Research Award for Senior U.S. Scientists and a Fellow of the American Physical Society. [read more]
Vincent Bayot is a professor at the Université Catholique de Louvain. Since his PhD, he has been involved in low-dimensional electronic systems and mesoscopic physics, mostly in III-V compounds (quantum Hall effect, ballistic transport), but also in carbon nanotubes, semi-metals, nano-magnetic materials, nanofabrication techniques, SOI quantum devices and nanoelectronics. During the last few years, he has concentrated on the study of mesoscopic and quantum transport by scanned gate microsopy. In that framework he develops low temperature SGM studies in Institut Néel of Grenoble. [read more]
H.-S. Philip Wong is Professor of Electrical Engineering at Stanford University. Before, he was Senior Manager at the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center where he had the responsibility of shaping and executing IBM’s strategy on nanoscale science and technology as well as exploratory silicon devices and semiconductor technology. He is interested in exploring new materials, novel fabrication techniques, and novel device concepts for future nanoelectronics systems. His present research covers a broad range of topics including carbon nanotubes, semiconductor nanowires, self-assembly, exploratory logic devices, and novel memory devices. [read more]
Fernández Rossier is a professor in the University of Alicante. He works in the very broad research field of condensed matter theory. He is particularly interested in the magnetic properties of systems with reduced dimensionality and in the manipulation of these properties by means of electrical fields and currents as well as laser excitation. The goal of his project related to the chair d'excellence is the control of the quantum state of a single magnetic atom inside a quantum dot whose charge state is controlled both electrically and optically. This project will permit to make progress towards the fabrication of devices based with new functionalities, including quantum bits. [read more]
Vaclav Holy is a well known specialist of X-ray diffusion by nanostructures. His committment with the Grenoble groups working at the ESRF (European Synchrotron Facility) contributes to develop experiments and data processing best adapted to nanostructures. His expertise is particularly focused on the quantum objects prepared in situ on the beam lines and on the nano-defects induced in silicon by the technological processes.
Michael Roukes is a Professor of Physics, Applied Physics, and Bioengineering at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) where he is the founding director of the Kavli Nanosciences Institute. His research interests are currently focused upon developing and using of nanodevices in the exploration of single-quantum and single-molecule phenomena. His group is building systems with a range of applications that span fundamental measurement, engineering, and biological and medical sciences. His work in Grenoble will allow the scientific community of the Foundation to be involved in the program Nano Electro Mechanical Systems (NEMS) which is developed in partnership between CalTech and the CEA Leti. [read more]
Alexander Zaslavsky conducts research on devices that could supplement the current silicon transistor-based microelectronics technology. The project is to pursue quantum tunneling-based nanodevices compatible with the semiconductor-on-insulator platform that can outperform standard end-of-the-roadmap transistors. [read more]
Marcelo Franca Santos is a theoretician specialized in quantum optics and cavity QED. The aim of the project is modeling the emission and absorption properties of the model system provided by a single QD coupled to a solid state cavity It will contribute to develop the interface between the quantum optics and the solid state physics communities. [read more]
L. Fonseca is a researcher in Brazil in the center W. Von Braun and an expert in theory and modeling of nanostructures. It develops new atomistic simulation of materials and interfaces used in ultra-miniaturized electronic devices.
The program he belongs to consists in performing first principle simulations of low (SiO2) and high permittivity (HfO2) oxides on graphene focusing on interface issues, as well as quantum transport calculations of ultra-thin transistor channels using graphene on insulator model structures. The aim is to provide a clear understanding of such devices behavior at the atomic level. [read more]
John R. Kirtley is Consulting Professor at Stanford University, in California.
He stands as one of the world’s leading experts on Josephson Junction devices and superconductivity. He has developed himself very sensitive scanning SQUID microscopes and scanning SQUID susceptometers, he is a specialist on tunneling spectroscopy, be it planar junctions, point contact or STM. He will contribute by his capacity of numerical modeling for extracting pertinent parameters from the STM and the scanning nanoSQUID measurements.
The SUPER-NANO-CHARAC project aims at the study of the physical properties of high quality superconducting films and their integration into quantum nano-devices. Epitaxial superconducting films will be grown by MBE and characterized at the nanoscale at room temperature as well as at very low temperature. [read more]
Yong ZHANG is Senior Scientist at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL, USA) He's is an expert in both optical spectroscopy and electronic structure computation, and is involved in optoelectronic applications of materials (e.g.,solar cell, solid state lighting, thermoelectrics).
The goal of the project is to validate and combine new ideas for solar cells which will be done by exploring a new class of photovoltaic cells, based on core/shell nanowires architecture with type II band alignment such as ZnO/CdTe and ZnTe/CdSe. [read more]
N. Mousseau is an expert in theoretical and numerical studies of the structural and dynamical properties of complex materials.
Through the study of three prototype systems motivated by the experimental community, multiscale simulations are expected to advance our fundamental understanding of the key issues governing the formation and stability of semiconducting quantum dots, silicon nanowires and graphene sheets. [read more]
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Yoshio NISHI and his team at Stanford have a strong expertise in the field of MOS devices and technology and have made recent breakthroughs in the technology of Ge channel NMOS devices. The know-how of Prof. Nishi regarding Ge material, Metallic source and drains MOSFET will strongly benefit to the local community and will allow making significant progress in terms of technological and scientific aspects. [read more]
Harold BARANGER has a track record of making connections between theorists working with computational techniques and those making analytic progress. He will bring specific expertise in several computational and theoretical areas: path-integral quantum Monte Carlo simulation, molecular electronics using DFT combined with one-body Green function and in particular one of the first applications to spintronics. [read more]
The NSCGP project is to benefit from the expertise of Prof. David GRAVES in the field of Molecular Dynamic Simulations applied to plasma-surface interactions. The goal is to determine under which plasma conditions graphene layers can be etched without damage. If it succeeds it will provide a technology to get the high quality samples that are required for fundamental studies of graphene properties as well as the possibility to pattern large area wafers for industrial applications. [read more]
At University of Illinois, Prof. Jian Min ZUO has dedicated the past 8 years on the development of electron Coherent Diffractive Imaging (CDI) for structure characterization of nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes. This project on semiconductor, oxide nanowires, and organic nanostructures provides a further opportunity to broaden the application of electron CDI and to improve this technique with comparison with synchrotron. [read more]
This project, led by Valery ZWILLER, will initiate the transfer of his group’s knowledge and techniques in nanoprocessing and measurements techniques - from Delft to Grenoble. It aims at developing: indistinguishable single photon sources; high efficiency single photon detectors; and quantum plasmonics. Such optical experiments will be conducted at unprecedented scales, and new commercial applications are also strongly expected to emerge from this program.
Ralf RICHTER has developed a unique set of expertise in the design and characterization of multifunctional, biomimetic surfaces. His goal is to develop these nanoscience tools into an approach investigating the relationship between the organization and dynamics of a family of linear polysaccharides – known as glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) - and their biological functions.
Thanks to cutting-edge surface biofunctionalization strategies, and a toolbox of surface-sensitive in situ analysis techniques, the model will enable to understand the role of GAGs in cell migration – a fundamental key to many physiopathological processes. [read more]
This collaboration with Dillon FONG aims to developing in-situ X-ray synchrotron scattering techniques for the study of oxide thin film growth – down to the atomic-scale.
The milestone of this project will be to successfully develop, implement, and utilize a new, state-of-the-art MOCVD/ALD chamber to be located at the SIRIUS beamline in SOLEIL. The combination of growth methods and characterization techniques is expected to foster long-term and positive exchanges between multiple research laboratories - and will clearly benefit both scientists and device specialists working on oxide nanostructures. [read more]